摩揭陀 – Magádha

摩揭陀(梵语:मगध,Magádha,或译为摩揭、摩竭陀、摩羯陀)古代中印度的一个重要王国。佛陀一生多半在摩揭陀:佛教史上的王舍城结集,华氏城结集,都在摩揭陀,因此摩揭陀是印度重要佛教圣地之一。唐朝贞观年间,高僧玄奘往印度取经,曾路经此地,在《大唐西域记》一书中专辟二卷详述。

Magádha was an ancient Indian kingdom in southern Bihar and was counted as one of the sixteen Mahajanapadas (Sanskrit: “Great Countries”) of ancient India. Magadha played an important role in the development of Jainism and Buddhism, and two of India’s greatest empires, the Maurya Empire and Gupta Empire, originated in Magadha.

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