Buddhism Nirvana

涅槃 – Nirvāṇa

涅槃(巴利語:निब्बान Nibbāna;梵語:निर्वाण Nirvāṇa),佛教術語,又譯為泥洹、涅槃那、涅槃那、泥盤那、暱縛男,意譯為熄滅、滅、滅度、寂滅、無為、解脫、自在、安樂、不生不滅等,新譯作般涅槃(巴利語:pari-nibbāna,梵語:pari-nirvāṇa),又譯為般泥洹、波利暱縛男、入滅、入滅度、圓寂。

佛教義認為涅槃是將世間所有一切法的自體性都滅盡的狀態,所以涅槃中永遠沒有生命中的種種煩惱、痛苦,二乘佛教的見解是從此不再受後有,也就是不再有下一世的六道輪迴。這個術語最早源自於古印度婆羅門教,當時眾說紛紜。

佛教認為外道無法實證何謂涅槃,在無佛教的時代只有佛和辟支佛可以親證涅槃。釋迦牟尼菩薩降生後,出家成佛轉法輪,教導弟子佛法,才開始有聲聞聖弟子四果阿羅漢實證涅槃。佛陀和阿羅漢舍壽後,會取證無餘涅槃,進入不生不死狀態,也稱為涅槃,一般更常用般涅槃(意思是“進入涅槃滅度”,即“入滅”)表達,意思是肉身死亡後,進入不生不滅的涅槃狀態。


時至今日,當有佛教上師、沙門、比丘、比丘尼等修行者過世時,許多人會尊稱他們涅槃了。大乘見地是佛菩薩能在涅槃中同時度眾生,佛菩薩的涅槃叫“無住涅槃”。

Nirvana (Pali: निब्बान Nibbāna; Sanskrit: निर्वाण Nirvāṇa), a Buddhist term, which is also translated as loach, nirvana, nirvana, nirvana, and tyrannical man, which translates as extinction, extinction, extinction, silence Destruction, inaction, liberation, freedom, comfort, immortality, etc., the new translation is Pani Nirvana (Pali: pari-nibbāna, Sanskrit: pari-nirvāṇa), and also translated as Phan Ni, Polly, Into the extinction, into the extinction, and silence.

Buddhism means that Nirvana is a state of annihilation of all the nature of all the laws in the world, so Nirvana will never have all the troubles and pains in life. Six reincarnations of the next life. The term originally originated from the Brahmanism of ancient India, when opinions were divided.

Buddhism believes that the outside world cannot prove what Nirvana is. In the era without Buddhism, only the Buddha and Phi Phi Buddha can testify to Nirvana. After the birth of Shakyamuni Bodhisattva, he became a Buddhist monk and turned to Falun. After the Buddha and Arahant sacrifice their lives, they will obtain evidence without nirvana and enter the state of immortality, also known as nirvana, which is more commonly used as Nirvana (meaning “enter nirvana”, meaning “entrance”), meaning physical death After that, he enters a state of immortality.

To this day, when Buddhist masters, Shamen, Bhikkhu, Bhikkhuni, etc. pass away, many people will respect them as Nirvana. Mahayana view is that the Buddha and Bodhisattva can live in nirvana at the same time.